Balitaan

Art Studies major bags 2014 CAL Most Outstanding Undergraduate Thesis Award

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Photo by Ola Gealogo


Zeny May Dy Recidoro, a BA Art Studies major from the Department of Art Studies (DAS) bags this year’s Antonio Mercado Abad College of Arts and Letters (CAL) Most Outstanding Thesis Award for the Undergraduate Category during the CAL Graduation Ceremony last April 26 at the UP Film Institute. Her thesis is entitled “The City as Psychogeographical Space— the Visions and Works of Eight Filipina Artists”.

Here is the abstract of her study:

This study expresses the thought that the works of Filipina artists are specific because it is informed by their experiences and memories of certain places and spaces (specifically of cities). It focuses on the following aspects: feminizing spaces and going further from ‘feminine spaces’ whilst still keeping its spirit or essence in their works; the spatial biographies of eight Filipina artists, their involvement in community and society; how art can be an agent for not only spiritual but social improvement; the portrayals of women in art and how the Filipina artists responded (however, indirectly) to it; the expression of cityscape and landscape as one that is, physically and metaphysically, in constant flux despite the illusion of permanence, and the landscape and cityscape not only as a decorative genre of art, but also as images of memory and information. This study is also a contribution and continuation of the writings on Filipina artists as well as discourses on the city.

Meanwhile, here are her fellow nominee’s abstracts:

Department of English and Comparative Literature

Irish Joy G. Deocampo

BA English Studies: Language

“The Silent Treatment: A Multimodal Study of Campaign and Advocacy Materials against Sexual Harassment”

The constitutive relationship between language and society supports the idea that an examination of one requires an examination of the other. Thus, one of the ways to understand how structures and systems influence social reality is to study how language is used to construct and represent discourse on different issues in society. However, with the increasing attention given to other non-linguistic modes like images, there is a need to reframe the study of the function of language alongside these other multimodal texts in analyzing discourse on particular subjects.

This study applies a multimodal framework to uncover the prevalent discourse and the representations of sexual harassment in the University of the Philippines as reflected in the posters and campaign materials produced by the Office of Anti-Sexual Harassment. The on-going campaigns aiming to fight sexual harassment demonstrates that sexual harassment remains to be a relevant and urgent problem that needs to be addressed given the gravity of its effects on the victims.

The findings of the research reveal the culture of silence and shame surrounding the victims. The woman is portrayed as the representative of the victims, implying that most sexually-harassed victims are women. The campaigns and advocacy materials engage this culture by conveying messages that urge the victim to break the silence and overcome the shame by reporting incidents to OASH. These messages are constructed through the interaction of meanings between the linguistic and visual elements of the materials. The results and observations noted in this study offer a glimpse of how sexual harassment is generally perceived and understood in the country.

Department of European Languages

Gema Chairmaine G. Gonzales and Azalea Camille I. Monteiro

BA European Languages

“Dessiner la nation: Une analyse comparative des représentations de l’identité national dans Superdupont et Captain Barbell (Drawing the Nation: A Comparative Analysis of the Representations of National Identity in Superdupont and Captain Barbell)”

The essence of national identity as a dynamic product of discourse is a prevailing question in both France and the Philippines. Undertaking a new historicist approach, a genealogical analysis of French and Philippine national identities is performed through a comparative analysis of their representations in the comics Captain Barbell and the bande dessinée Superdupont. The first part of this thesis provides a critical examination of the emergence and development of the nationalist concepts to provide the theoretical framework for the study of nation–building in France and the Philippines. In the analysis of the texts, the representations of the French and Philippine national identity are first determined and then historically contextualized. A close examination reveals that Superdupont embodies the idea of “l’exception française” (the French exception) based on universalism and singularity, while Captain Barbell reifies the post–colonial specificities of the Philippines. In conclusion, this thesis argues that the difference between the representations of French and Philippine national identity in Captain Barbell and Superdupont originate from their distinct historical circumstances. This thesis also highlights the relevance of national identity and the challenges it faces in the age of globalization.

Departamento ng Filipino at Panitikan ng Pilipinas

Amado Anthony Mendoza III

BA Malikhaing Pagsulat

“Aklat ng mga Naiwan”

Sinisikap sagutin sa pagsulat ng nobelang Aklat ng mga Naiwan ang ilang tanong tungkol sa pangkalahatang relasyon ng panitikan at karahasan at kung paaanong napatatampok ang relasyong iyon sa isang partikular na konteksto’t kondisyon sa kasaysayan: ang akto ng pagsulat at pagbabasa sa panahong talamak ang represyon, opresyon, at karahasan. Sa pamamagitan naman ng paggamit ng mga estilo sa pagsasalaysay (hal. paglilihis o digresyon, pag-uulat, apropriyasyon ng mga patalastas at anunsyo, laksang punto-de-bista at tauhan)  na magsisilbing atake sa mga inaasahan ng isang mambabasa—isang pag-atake na kaagapay ng iba pang uri ng karahasang nakapaloob sa nobela—nagkakaroon ng kongkretong manipestasyon ang karahasan sa mismong akto pa lamang ng pagbasa at pag-intindi sa akda.

Sa kabilang banda, ang nobela ay isa ring pagsisiysat. Isang pagsisiyasat para sa mga laksang  anyo ng naratibo at pagsasalaysay. Sa pamamagitan ng paghiram sa mga trope’t estilo mula sa kathang detekbib, ang pagsisiyasat para mga anyong ito ay itinuturing na isang enigma o misteryo na kailangang lutasin. Ngunit higit sa lahat, sinisikap tugunan sa pagsulat ng nobela ang mga tanong at usapin tungkol sa kasaysayan at kolektibong alaala at kung paano’t bakit kinakatha ang gayong nobela sa harap at sa kabila ng kasalukuyang hindi mapakaling nag-aabang sa hinaharap.

Samantala, tinitingnan at binabalikan naman sa sanaysay na Tayong Nauutal ang prosesong pinagdaanan ng manunulat sa pagkatha ng nobela. Tinitingnan dito ang kondisyon ng pagkautal bilang talinhaga’t representasyon ng pagkatha at pananaw ng manunulat tungkol sa mga bagay na kaugnay nito. Nahahati ang sanaysay sa anim na seksiyon: ang Sino ang Pumatay? kung saan binabalikan ko  ang mga kathang detektib ni Agatha Christie na nakaimpluwensya sa akin upang makabuo ng isang naiibang definisyon ng misteryo’t enigma, at kung paanong nakakatulong ang akto ng pagtestigo (o pagtatapat) sa pagpapatampok nito; ang Shet! Shet Hala! Paano ko ba sasabihin?, kung saan inuugat ko—sa  pamamagitan ng mga hindi mamatay-matay na kuwento ng aking ina—ang pormasyon ng aking sariling estilo sa pagsusulat, pagpapahalaga sa iba’t ibang pamamaraan ng pagsasalaysay, at ilang paradoha sa konsepto ng “malinis na pagsasalaysay”; ang We Love Bolaño So Much! We Love Felix Canelo So Much!, kung saan binabalikan ko ang mga nobela nina Roberto Bolaño at iba pang manunulat mula sa Latin Amerika na siyang nagpakilala sa akin ng naiibang konsepsyon ng pagkahumaling at obsesyon; ang Panitikan at Karahasan, kung saan tinatalakay ko ang relasyon ng panitikan at karahasan sa iba’t ibang elemento’t aspekto ng aking nobela; ang Kontra Detektib, Pagkagapi, at Ilan pang Temang Nakaligtaang Talakayin ng Propetang Nauutal, kung saan ibinahagi ko ang ilang piling karanasan ng pagkagapi’t pakikipagsapalaran at kung paano ito lumitaw sa aking nobela; at ang Tayong Nauutal,kung saan pagmumunihan ko ang kondisyon ng pagkautal at ang relasyon nito sa mga pinanghahawakan kong pananaw at paninindigan bilang manunulat.

Department of Speech Communication and Theatre Arts

Junesse d.R. Crisostomo

BA Speech Communication

“In Court, On Air, On Trial: An Analysis of the Impeachment of Renato Corona as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines as Social Drama”

This study sought to critique the Corona impeachment event as a Social Drama. It specifically aimed to: 1) to analyze how the Corona event impeachment took place based on the elements of Social Drama, 2) to describe the redressive action of the Corona Impeachment by analyzing select events of the impeachment trial in the lenses of the Dramatist Pentad by Kenneth Burke, and to 3) describe the impact of the social drama of the Corona Impeachment on Filipinos’ Trust in the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of the Government.

In analyzing these artifacts, the researcher used two theoretical perspectives- 1) Victor Turner’s Theory of Social Drama which explains how a social unit meets and resolves crises (Breach, Crisis, Redressive Action/Schism), and 2) Kenneth Burke’s Dramatist Pentad, which explains how the motives of people could be analyzed using 5 different elements namely the Act, the Agent, the Agency, the Scene, and the Purpose.

Using a rhetorical analysis approach, the following steps were followed: 1) After fully deciphering the artifacts of the study, the researcher classified the events of the Corona impeachment into the Breach, Crisis, Redressive Action, and Reintegration/Schism, 2) identified the Scene, Act, Agent, Agency, and Purpose elements in each of the select events in the Redressive Action, 3) analyzed each event using ratio-analysis, and 4) synthesized each phase of the social drama.

The findings showed that the social drama of the Corona impeachment was not only about Corona’s alleged subservience to Arroyo and his misdeeds as the leader of the Judiciary. The analysis proved that Aquino may also have a political agenda of his own behind the whole impeachment trial. There could even be a bigger context behind the façade of “tuwid na daan” in action by eliminating Arroyo’s midnight appointee using a highly-publicized impeachment trial.

This research also proved that there could be social dramas within bigger social dramas. Interactions within the Court during the redressive action can be a source of conflict or a breach that could potentially lead to crises. This study showed the vulnerability of human institutions to veer away from the resolution of the original crisis being redressed because of potential crises arising with every conflicts and tensions within each element of a social drama.

This study also challenged the notion of the elements of a Social Drama. The researcher saw the importance of relativism in analyzing such social phenomena. This research presented two versions of the breach and the crisis, one on the side of the Defense team and one on the side of the Prosecution. This study also emphasized the relativism of the reintegration/schism phase. Aspects of a social unit may perceive the result of the redressive action as a healing of the breach but others may perceive the result as a continuing crisis in the institution. The researcher also found out that social dramas do not end in the reintegration/schism phase for new crises will inevitably disturb the social unit again. Social dramas are never-ending, just like how life is a never-ending social drama.

About KALasag (Opisyal na Papel Pampahayag ng Kolehiyo ng Arte at Literatura, Unibersidad ng Pilipinas)

KALasag, ang Opisyal na Papel Pampahayagan ng Kolehiyo ng Arte at Literatura, Unibersidad ng Pilipinas. Ito ang magsisilbing pahayagan ng mga pananaw, usapin at paninindigan ng mga estudyante hinggil sa mga mahahalagang isyu. Ito rin ay magiging daan tungo sa pagbuo ng identidad ng kolehiyo at paghahanap ng lugar nito sa pamantasan at lipunan.

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